By Tabinda Shafique
Bipolar disorder can be traced back to several previous years of its existence. Generally, people in their lives may suffer from different health problems which may affect their well-being to a great extent. Although, mental and health issues are one of the biggest problems one could suffer from but indeed; every problem has a solution. Similarly, we are going to discuss Bipolar disorder which is a mental illness; also termed manic depression. In this illness, people mainly suffer from extreme mood swings; which means a person feeling overly joyful and happy might entirely begin to feel sad and depressed. This type of condition affects a person’s thinking capacity and his way of behavior, consequently making his daily life quite complicated. Hence, bipolar affectee experiences swift changes in his/her mood. However, this change in moods might take place at regular intervals or at a fixed period of time in a day, week, month, or even years.
The severity of the such disorder may vary from person to person. However, the bipolar disorder symptoms in a person may get either better or worse with each passing day. Changes in a certain person’s bipolar disorder condition depend upon how he/she individual deals with it. Although bipolar disorder may exist lifelong its treatment is possible and so is guaranteed a normal happy life.
Bipolar Disorder; its causes and types
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
One can easily predict if a certain individual is suffering from a such disorder or not by simply analyzing his/her behavior. There are certain visible bipolar symptoms that lead to the diagnosis of bipolar disorder. A person suffering from such a disorder can show either extremely low or high emotions. So, during high times of mood, he/she may undergo:
- endless happiness and enjoyment
- an abrupt change of mood from being joyful to droopy & downhearted
- feeling lethargic, anxious, or agitated
- lack of alertness or concentration
- little to no need for sleep absence of decision making
- no desire for eating food
- absent-minded and lack of concentration
On the other hand, during the low times of mood, the common symptoms one may suffer from are; depression, laziness, negative thinking, lack of hope and a positive attitude, uncontrollable tears and crying, immense sleep, irregular appetite-leading to loss or gain weight, depressing thoughts lead to attempt any serious injury or suicide.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are mainly five types of bipolar disorder which are named as follows; Here we going to discuss a few of them:
- Bipolar I disorder
- Bipolar II disorder
- Cyclothymic disorder
- Bipolar-related specified disorder
- Bipolar-related unspecified disorder
Bipolar I disorder
In Bipolar I disorder, the patient suffers from severe depressive conditions and mood swings that may last for a week or two.
Bipolar II disorder
In Bipolar II disorder, the patient suffers from symptoms that are less severe as compared to Bipolar I disorder symptoms.
In cyclothymic bipolar disorder, a patient suffers from cyclic lows and highs in mood, which may last for a year or two. This means that it brings about severe issues in mental well-being.
What causes Bipolar Disorder?
The actual reason for the cause of the such disorder is still unknown. To many, it’s genetically transmitted to the next generation while some say that it may appear naturally in a person with changes in the brain system. In general, the ratio of women suffering from such disorders is likely to be more than men. Moreover, women mostly suffer from depression or a low mode/state of bipolar disorder as compared to men that might usually suffer from the other type of this disorder.
What is the treatment for Bipolar Disorder?
The cure for combating bipolar illness requires long-term treatment. A patient must follow a certain procedure to lessen the bipolar depression with each passing day or the misery can get worse. This includes the intake of proper medication and going through psychological therapy. The medicines to be taken must include mood stabilizers, anti-depressant, anti-psychotic drugs, etc. However, one should definitely consult a doctor first so the treatment undergoes a proper check and
Once, a patient realizes that a certain medicine suits him/her then the medicine intake must be continued to stabilize the symptoms. Other treatment methods include taking multivitamin supplements, acupuncture, ECT which stands for Electro-convulsive therapy, and most importantly making changes in one’s lifestyle. Changes in lifestyle mean doing daily exercises, following proper eating and sleeping pattern, learning to cope with mood swings, getting the support of friends and family by staying closer and keeping in touch with them, learning to overcome stress and anxiety during these times, and engaging oneself in productive activities and hobbies.
What if it’s not treated?
If Bipolar disorder is left untreated then it may lead to a lifelong illness that won’t be reversed easily. In such cases, it can prompt suicidal thoughts and attempts; affecting relationships, poor financial conditions, and lack of ability to work daily either in a workplace environment or at home, in doing chores.
If an individual is suffering from such kind of disorder then it is likely for him to experience the following co-related problems as well:
- appetite problem
- anxiety attacks
- hyper activeness
- intake of sedatives
- problems related to physical well-being like obesity, heart problem, thyroid,
Various research attempts have been made to understand and study the genes that may cause the development of such kind of disorder in a person. For one such research, a person with such disorder symptoms is asked to donate his blood sample and share further of his personal information for analysis. However, the root cause is still to be found but many studies have been made and are yet to be made and it has been known that such kind of disorder basically affects the brain network and its
functions. Thus, depriving a person to live his life normally.
However, Bipolar disorder has been listed in the Social Security listings of impairments, which makes it possible for patients who are unable to work in an office environment and are analyzed by a certified doctor who can avail of the benefits of disability programs and schemes.