By Sumaiyah Ali
In Pakistan, there’s a growing ratio of postpartum depression in which a large number of women have been victimized. Postpartum depression happens after mothers give birth to children. 1 quarter of mothers experiences postpartum depression. Women feel anxious after they have given birth. 30 % of literate mothers undergo it. 6.5 to 20 % of the mother suffer from postpartum depression. This way, we can say that there’s a growing rate of postpartum depression in Pakistan.
1 out of every five women is aware of it. 1 out of every seven women has to experience it. It requires a year for treatments to cure this kind of depression. However, they do not share their condition with their families fearing that no one is going to support them. They feel uncomfortable with people.
However, women express different symptoms of postpartum depression. They experience bouts of crying and lose pleasure in life. Ordinary activities become difficult for them. They feel remorseful, frightened, and anxious. They become agitated and depressed around the clock. They suffer from insomnia. Therefore, their sleep is either irregular or sometimes they can’t sleep.
These women endure melancholy the whole day. Such women worry about puny things. Minor activities tire them easily. They become fatigued and feel unproductive. Such kind of woman consumes energy and does not want to cradle her baby. They can’t concentrate on tasks. They lose a copious quantity of weight, approx 5 % of weight in a month.
They think that people will evaluate them. Such kind of woman feels ashamed to talk about it. They experience a loss of interest in daily routine life. They are helpless, and worthless, and have illusions, like; someone will mistreat their child.
Nowadays, we can see a growing ratio of postpartum depression around us that needs to be addressed on a serious note. Postpartum depression is prevalent across the world. In every age, culture, and race women suffer from postpartum depression. It can cause due to various reasons. A cesarean section or hospitalization during past pregnancies can be a reason. Next, umbilical cord prolapse or low hemoglobin leads to this mental disease. If women produce preterm ones, they might suffer from postpartum depression. A victim of domestic or sexual abuse experiences it. Also, survivors of physical or emotional abuse encounter this kind of mental disorder.
Although, postpartum depression can be turned into any severe disease, therefore, proper treatment is required. For this, women should go for the right approach which is counseling. Counseling alleviates this ailment. However, therapies produce 39% of results and continue for 8 weeks. Cognitive Behavior Therapy improves behaviors and thoughts. Interpersonal Therapies focus on relationships and roles in societies. Therapies are enough if depression is not severe.
However, medicines are necessary for severe depression. Psychiatrists prescribe medicine from 6 to 12 months, like; they recommend tablets to those who have to breastfeed. However, these medicines have side effects for little ones. Exercise increases serotonin in the brain. This will help to boost mental well-being. Moreover, they should perform yoga and go for walks regularly. They can express themselves through writing or painting too. It reduces stress.
Friends and family should support such kinds of women during harsh times. Husbands and in-laws must divide their responsibilities. Therefore, they know that they are not estranged. Women need the care and love of their husbands the most. People should not fear to consult psychiatrists for treatment. Society must know that these women are not defaulters but patients.
Psychologists and psychiatrists should fulfill roles to aid such women. Nurses can identify symptoms of this depression before deliveries. Every individual should spread awareness of it. The government must devise policies on mental well-being and set them in place. Health institutions must educate women on their health and raising children. However, it is curable, and being a citizen, it is our duty to raise awareness among the masses of society. This helps to reduce the growing ratio of postpartum depression in Pakistan.